Small underwater settlement found in Delos
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Small underwater settlement found in Delos

Remains of an ancient settlement, complete with a ruined pottery workshop, have been found on the bottom of the Aegean sea off the small island of Delos. Similar findings have been seen only in Pompeii and Herculaneum of Italy.

The research was conducted by the Greek ministry of culture in cooperation with the National Hellenic Research Foundation.

The findings are described by several media as “a small underwater Pompeii”, as the structures lay at a depth of just 6 feet on the northeastern coast of Delos.

In the past these ruins were identified as port facilities, but the new investigation by the National Hellenic Research Foundation and the Ephorate of Undersea Archaeology, led to different conclusions. Rather than a dock, a pottery workshop and other buildings once stood at the site.

Archaeologists found 16 terracotta pots and remains of a kiln embedded in the sea floor. Similar workshops have been found in Pompeii and Herculaneum of Italy. Large stones were found lined in front of the workshop remains. According to the archaeologists, they were probably part of the settlement’s waterfront.

Possibly related to commercial and crafting activities, the settlement somehow collapsed. The man-made ruins have remained hidden on the sea bed ever since. Underwater archaeologists identified several structures, including fallen colonnades and the remains of walls which once extended along the shoreline.

The findings add new intriguing details to one of Greece’s most important archaeological sites. Further research on the underwater findings is expected to add new information on the commercial role of the island during the Roman period.

Located in the center of the Cyclades archipelago near the island of Mykonos, Delos is where, according to Greek myth, the sun god Apollo was born. For much of antiquity people were not allowed to die or give birth on the sacred island, which nonetheless became a thriving commercial port, especially under the Romans in the 3rd and 2nd century BC.